Official Name: Republic of Turkey

Passport/Visa Requirements: US citizens need passports, visas and proof of onward passage.

Capital: Ankara.

Population: 70,413,958

Languages: Turkish, Kurdish, Arabic

Predominant Religions: Islamic (Sunni), though many other sects and religions are represented.

Time Zone: 2 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (+2GMT), 7 hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time (+7EST).

Voltage Requirements: 220 volts