Official Name: Japan

Passport/Visa Requirements: US citizens need a valid passport, but visas are not required

Capital: Tokyo

Population: 127,463,611

Languages: Japanese, various regional dialects

Predominant Religions: Shinto, Buddhist

Time Zone: 9 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (+9GMT), 14 hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time (+14EST)

Voltage Requirements: 100 volts AC, 50 cycles

Phone Codes: 81, country code; 03 Tokyo city code; 075, Kyoto city code