Official Name: Arab Republic of Egypt

Passport/Visa Requirements: US citizens need both a passport and visa

Capital: Cairo

Population: 83,688,164

Languages: Arabic, though English and French are widely understood by the educated classes

Predominant Religions: Islamic, Christian (Coptic Orthodox)

Time Zone: 2 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (+2GMT), 7 hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time (+7EST)

Monetary Unit: Egyptian pound

Voltage Requirements: 220 volts

Telephone codes: 20, country code; 2, Cairo city code