Capital: Brasilia

Population: 201,103,330

Major Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant

Languages: Portuguese is the official and most widely spoken language; less common languages include Spanish, German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a large number of minor Amerindian languages.

Passport/Visa Requirements: US and Canadian citizens need a valid passport as well as a visa to enter Brazil. EU citizens need only a valid passport.

Time Zones: Brazil is divided into three time zones. São Paulo and Rio are 3 hours behind Greenwich Mean Time.

Voltage Requirements: 220 volts or 110 volts

Phone Codes: 55, country code; 11, São Paulo city code; 21, Rio de Janeiro city code; 71, Salvador city code